Ingalls Shipbuilding Starts Fabrication on USS San Antonio-Class Ship

first_img View post tag: Ingalls View post tag: San View post tag: Fabrication View post tag: News by topic Ingalls Shipbuilding, a division of Huntington Ingalls Industries, announced today that it has begun construction on the U.S. Navy’s newest amphibious assault ship, John P. Murtha (LPD 26). The company was recently awarded a $1.5 billion contract to build the USS San Antonio-class ship at the Pascagoula facility.“This is a significant milestone for Ingalls Shipbuilding and for the U.S. Navy,” said Doug Lounsberry, vice president, LPD program. “It is the first ship we’ve started with the Ingalls name, and it will become the 10th ship in the class. Our shipbuilders are highly motivated to begin construction on this ship, and we look forward to delivering the most efficiently built LPD to date. These versatile ships provide unique capabilities to our sailors and Marines and allow them to perform several different missions in defense of our freedom.”The start of fabrication shipbuilding milestone signifies that 100 tons of steel have been cut and fabricated. The steel is cut by a robotic plasma arc cutting machine at Ingalls’ steel fabrication complex. The next milestone for LPD 26 will be the ship’s keel laying, scheduled for the first quarter of 2012. LPD 26 is scheduled to be launched in the third quarter of 2014 and delivered to the Navy in the fourth quarter of 2015.The 11 planned ships of the San Antonio class are a key element of the Navy’s ability to project power ashore. Collectively, these ships functionally replace more than 41 ships (the LPD 4, LSD 36, LKA 113 and LST 1179 classes of amphibious ships), providing the Navy and Marine Corps with modern, sea-based platforms that are networked and survivable and built to operate with 21st century platforms, such as the MV-22 Osprey.Ingalls Shipbuilding has delivered the first five ships of the LPD 17 class, LPDs 17-21. San Diego (LPD 22) will undergo sea trials later this year; Anchorage is currently 82 percent complete and is expected to be delivered in the second quarter of 2012; Arlington (LPD 24) was christened on March 26, and Somerset (LPD 25) is more than 50 percent complete and will be launched in 2012.The San Antonio-class ships are 684 feet long and 105 feet wide and displace approximately 25,000 tons. Their principal mission is to deploy the combat and support elements of Marine Expeditionary Units and Brigades. The ships can carry up to 800 troops and have the capability of transporting and debarking air cushion (LCAC) or conventional landing crafts, augmented by helicopters or vertical take-off and landing aircraft such as the MV-22. These ships will support amphibious assault, special operations or expeditionary warfare missions through the first half of the 21st century.Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII) designs, builds and maintains nuclear and non-nuclear ships for the U.S. Navy and Coast Guard and provides after-market services for military ships around the globe. For more than a century, HII has built more ships in more ship classes than any other U.S. naval shipbuilder. Employing nearly 38,000 in Virginia, Mississippi, Louisiana and California, its primary business divisions are Newport News Shipbuilding and Ingalls Shipbuilding.[mappress]Source: HII , May 26, 2011; Industry news View post tag: ship View post tag: Antonio-Class View post tag: starts View post tag: Shipbuilding Back to overview,Home naval-today Ingalls Shipbuilding Starts Fabrication on USS San Antonio-Class Ship View post tag: USS Ingalls Shipbuilding Starts Fabrication on USS San Antonio-Class Ship Share this article View post tag: Navy View post tag: Naval May 26, 2011last_img read more

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Evansville Men Defeat Albion, 65-49

first_imgFour Players Registered 11 Points For The Aces Four Purple Aces tallied 11 points apiece on Saturday as the University of Evansville men’s basketball team earned a 65-49 victory over Albion inside the Ford Center.Marty Hill, K.J. Riley, Noah Frederking and Dainius Chatkevicius recorded 11 points apiece to lead the Aces (4-3).  For Chatkevicius, it was his second double figure game in a row and his season-high in points. He added nine rebounds. Evan Kuhlman was just behind with 9 tallies. John Hall tied his career mark with 12 caroms. With the win, UE moved over .500 for the season while improving its home record to a perfect 4-0.“I thought we got off to a better start in the second half and played with more pace.  We did not play with any fire or purpose in the first half. I knew if we played with more energy, we could get it going,” UE head coach Walter McCarty said.  “Our guys like playing basketball together and look for each other. We’re getting there, it is a slow process. We are grateful that we were able to win the basketball game and just need to keep working at it to get better.”Albion (4-2) saw Jamezell Davis record 15 points.  They attempted 34 3-pointers, the highest total an Evansville opponent has taken at the Ford Center.The lid was on the basket for both teams in the opening minutes as the squads combined to miss their first 14 shots. Albion missed its first six shots before hitting one to take a 2-0 lead. After going 0-for-14 in the opening seven minutes, Evansville got on the board when Noah Frederking drilled a three.On the next possession, Dainius Chatkevicius hit a layup to tie the game at 5-5 before a free throw by Jawaun Newton gave UE its first lead at 6-5.  Evansville continued to hold the lead for the remainder of the period, pushing its advantage to as many as eight points as a pair of Frederking free throws gave the team a 23-15 lead.  Over the final 2:14 of the period, the Britons hit two treys, going on a 7-1 run to cut the UE lead to just one at the break – 24-23. Frederking had six points in the half while John Hall grabbed seven boards.UE’s offense came out better in the second half, knocking down its first two shots to push its lead back to five.  Just over seven minutes in, Shamar Givance found K.J. Riley for his third bucket of the game to push the lead to double figures for the first time at 39-29.  Albion continued to fight back, getting with seven points before the Aces took control. Up 41-34, UE scored 11 in a row to extend its lead to 52-34 with eight minutes remaining.  A triple by Milton Barnes ended the streak.Evansville’s double figure lead held strong in the final minutes with the Aces taking the win by a final of 65-49.After starting the game 0-for-14, UE improved to finish the game at 37.9%.  In the second half, Evansville hit 51.9% of its tries. Albion finished the game at 27.1%.  Points in the paint made a huge difference as UE finished with a 32-4 advantage. Evansville also finished with a 10-0 final in fast break points and 17-7 in points off turnovers.Next up for the Aces is a road game at Arkansas State on Tuesday evening at 7 p.m. FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

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CITY COUNTY OBSERVER PARTNERS WITH THE STATEHOUSEFILE OF FRANKLIN COLLEGE PULLIUM SCHOOL OF JOURNALISM

first_imgIts with extreme pride that we are able to announce today that the City County Observer  signed an partnership agreement with The StatehouseFile published by Franklin College Pullium School of Journalism. We believe that this agreement will take the City County Observer to the next level of on line newspaper publishing. We want to thank our readers, advertisers, news contributors, and family members for helping us to achieve this important milestone.The City County Observer will continue to be a complementary publication for rest of this year and the 2018 calendar year. We urge you to support our advertisers because they make it possible for readers to subscribe to our publication at no costs.Starting next week you will be able to read articles posted in the CCO articles written by Franklin College School of Journalism students about the current happenings at the State Capital. Articles that we will be publishing from the StatehouseFiles are; Courts and Crime, Drug Epidemic, Education, Environment, Health, immigration, Jobs-Economy and Labor, Local Government, Poverty, Roads and Construction, Social Issues, Taxes and Budgets, Technology, Commentary, Videos, Elections and News from Across Indiana.“TheStatehouseFile.com started as an educational experiment designed to get journalism students out of the classroom so they could practice what they were learning in real-life situations,” said John Krull, publisher of TheStatehouseFile.com and director of Franklin College’s Pulliam School of Journalism.  “It grew into one of the largest news services in the state because editors, news directors and ordinary Hoosiers liked what the students reported and wanted more of it. The support our partner news organizations, such as The City-County Observer, not only allows our students to hone their skills, but, in some cases, helps them stay in school. We are grateful for that support, because, despite its remarkable growth, TheStatehouseFile.com remains at its heart a learning experience for the students who make its success possible.’TheStatehouseFile.com has partnerships with more than 30 Indiana newspapers, radio stations, TV stations and news websites. These partners come from every part of the state.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

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Magnum Models opens in Bayonne

first_imgMayor James Davis of Bayonne recently welcomed Magnum Modeling Agency to the city with a celebratory ribbon cutting. (Left to Right) Duncan Williams, Photographer; Yeripaul Oyindinepre, Model; James Davis, Mayor; Marcellus Parnes, Agency Owner/Director; Leasie Colon-Griffiths, designer, Rofiat Abodunrin, model and  Alba Castillo, model. ×last_img

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Press release: Couple banned after duping businesses to sponsor ‘educational’ materials

first_img Both Paula and Paul Carson purposefully targeted small businesses to part with their cash with the promise of helping to produce educational materials for schools, with the added bonus of advertising space. However, customers were duped as they failed to realise the two companies were not charities, the materials didn’t comply with national curriculum requirements and very few schools found the materials of any value. LinkedIn Office currently closed during the coronavirus pandemic. Notes to editorsPaula Carson is of Congleton, Cheshire and her date of birth is February 1972.Paul Carson is of Congleton, Cheshire and his date of birth is May 1970.Child Protection UK Limited (05346299). Paula Carson was appointed a director on 28 January 2005 and Paul Carson was appointed a director on 28 February 2012.Child Guidance UK Limited (07750557). Paul Carson and Paula Carson were appointed directors on 24 August 2011.A disqualification undertaking/order has the effect that without specific permission of a court, a person with a disqualification cannot: act as a director of a company take part, directly or indirectly, in the promotion, formation or management of a company or limited liability partnership be a receiver of a company’s property Media Manager 0303 003 1743 Disqualification undertakings are the administrative equivalent of a disqualification order but do not involve court proceedings.Persons subject to a disqualification order are bound by a range of other restrictions.The Insolvency Service administers the insolvency regime, investigating all compulsory liquidations and individual insolvencies (bankruptcies) through the Official Receiver to establish why they became insolvent. It may also use powers under the Companies Act 1985 to conduct confidential fact-finding investigations into the activities of live limited companies in the UK. In addition, the agency authorises and regulates the insolvency profession, deals with disqualification of directors in corporate failures, assesses and pays statutory entitlement to redundancy payments when an employer cannot or will not pay employees, provides banking and investment services for bankruptcy and liquidation estate funds and advises ministers and other government departments on insolvency law and practice.Further information about the work of the Insolvency Service, and how to complain about financial misconduct, is available.Contact Press Office YouTube You can also follow the Insolvency Service on: Email [email protected] This service is for journalists only. For any other queries, please contact the Insolvency Enquiry Line.For all media enquiries outside normal working hours, please contact the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Press Office on 020 7215 1000. In a two-year period, the pair from Congleton, Cheshire, secured more than £1.7 million from businesses who were led to believe they were investing in books and DVDs about substance abuse in return for advertising in the books.Child Protection UK Limited was incorporated in 2005 with Paula Ann Carson, nee Kasser, appointed a director at the same time.Paula Carson would target businesses to sponsor the production and distribution of educational materials, including books and DVDs, concerning the dangers of drug and alcohol use to schools across the UK.However, complaints were made and the Insolvency Service investigated Child Protection UK’s practices, culminating in a winding-up petition presented against the company in April 2010 by the Secretary of State for BEIS.Paula Carson negotiated with the Secretary of State and got the winding up petition dismissed in November 2010 by signing an undertaking committing her to amend the company’s trading practices.Soon after, Paula met Paul Douglas Carson in 2011 and he became involved in the management of Child Protection UK. The pair then incorporated a second company also in 2011, called Child Guidance UK.The two companies ran in tandem from the same office and followed exactly the same business model. They would target small businesses to sponsor the production and delivery of books and DVDs to schools and in return, the sponsor’s business would receive free advertising in the books. Businesses would then be targeted again for repeat business.However, the Insolvency Service received fresh complaints about Child Protection UK, resulting in further investigations into the practices of both Child Protection UK and Child Guidance UK.Investigators discovered that both companies followed a standard procedure for sales calls, where scripts contained potentially misleading statements which may have led customers believing Child Protection UK and Child Guidance UK were charities, worked on behalf of charities or were running a legitimate child safety campaign.Further enquiries found that the trading practices of Child Protection UK and Child Guidance UK did not make clear to customers about their cancellation rights and while materials were sent out, there was no evidence that they either complied with national curriculum requirements or were of value to the schools who received them.Between April 2015 and December 2017, Child Protection UK received £871,989 from its sponsors, while Child Guidance UK received £840,017 from its sponsors between April 2015 and December 2017.Both companies were wound-up in the public interest in April 2018 after Paula Carson failed to fully adhere to the undertaking she had previously agreed with the courts.And for their misconduct in the companies, both Paula and Paul Carson had their disqualification undertakings accepted by the Secretary of State on 8 January 2019. Paula Carson is disqualified from being a company director for 11 years, while Paul Carson is banned for nine years.Effective from 29 January 2019 the pair are banned from directly or indirectly becoming involved, without the permission of the court, in the promotion, formation or management of a company.Ken Beasley, Official Receiver, said: Press Office 20 years is a significant amount of time for the Carsons to be prevented from running companies and we want to remind businesses to be wary of any calls out of the blue asking to sponsor booklets, diaries or wall planners. Twitterlast_img read more

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Solving colibactin’s code

first_imgFor more than a decade, scientists have worked to understand the connection between colibactin, a compound produced by certain strains of E. coli, and colorectal cancer, but have been hampered by their inability to isolate the compound.So Emily Balskus decided to focus instead on the mess it leaves behind.Balskus, a professor of chemistry and chemical biology, and her colleagues are the authors of a new study that seeks to understand how colibactin causes cancer by precisely identifying how the chemical reacts with DNA to create DNA adducts. The study is described in a Feb. 15 paper published in Science.“It’s been known since 2006 that there’s a set of genes in certain gut-commensal bacteria — mostly in strains of E. coli — that gives them the ability to make molecules that can lead to DNA damage,” Balskus said. “Over the years, there have been a number of studies that have shown a correlation between the abundance of bacteria carrying this pathway and cancer in humans, and multiple mouse models of colitis-associated colorectal cancer have demonstrated that this specific set of genes … can effect tumor progression and invasiveness.”But researchers have been in the dark about how it works.“My lab started studying this because we were interested in this problem of how you can understand a molecule you can’t isolate,” Balskus said. “And the summary of our earlier work to understand colibactin was that, unexpectedly, we and other groups who worked on this pathway found that this natural product has what’s called a cyclopropane ring in it.”It’s that chemical structure that Balskus and her colleagues believe forms the colibactin “warhead” — in part because similar structures are found in other, unrelated molecules capable of causing direct DNA damage by reacting with it.“When we realized that, we hypothesized that a direct interaction with DNA may be important for colibactin’s genotoxic activity,” Balskus said. “That illuminated a new strategy for getting information about colibactin’s structure: Instead of trying to isolate the molecule itself, we could isolate and characterize the DNA adducts, or the products of the reaction with DNA.”Isolating those DNA adducts, however, is no easy feat.To do it, Balskus and her team turned to Silvia Balbo, a professor at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health, who developed a novel technique to identify DNA adducts based on how they fragment in a high-resolution mass spectrometer.“What we did, which I thought was a very exciting experiment, was to take a strain of E. coli that could produce colibactin and a mutant strain with the same genotype, except it didn’t have the gene cluster that makes colibactin,” Balskus said. “We incubated those strains with human cell lines … and isolated the DNA from both sets of cells, put it in the mass spectrometer and compared the abundance of different DNA adducts in the samples. So we were able to find DNA adducts that were only generated in the cells that were treated with the genotoxin-producing bacteria.”Armed with that information, Balskus said, her team’s next challenge was to understand the chemical structure of those adducts.“It looked like they came from colibactin based on the fragmentation in the mass spectrometer,” Balskus said, “but that’s not enough to solve a chemical structure. What researchers in my lab did — and it was a heroic effort — was to chemically synthesize a standard. Then we compared it to the adducts produced in the cells, and they were the same.”To demonstrate that the process was also at work in living animals, the team collaborated with Wendy Garrett at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, to conduct an experiment in which germ-free mice were colonized with strains of E. coli that could and couldn’t produce colibactin.“We showed that we were able to detect these same DNA adducts in the colonic epithelial tissue of the mice with the colibactin-producing strains,” Balskus said. “That tells us that all the chemistry that we and others have been doing ex vivo really might be relevant for what’s going on in vivo.”Going forward, Balskus hopes to investigate whether those same adducts can be detected in samples from patients, and to understand the specific types of DNA damage caused by colibactin and whether they influence cancer development.And now that the researchers have a good understanding of the chemical structure of the DNA adducts created by colibactin, Balskus said, they may be able to work backward toward the molecule itself.“The adducts we identified are most likely coming from decomposition of a larger species,” she said. “So we’re still trying to solve this chemical mystery and working toward figuring out what the full structure might be.”The findings also suggest that DNA adducts could be used as a key biomarker for the activity of compounds like colibactin and other potential carcinogens derived from the activity of gut microbes.“Up until this point, when people were looking for organisms with the ability to make these DNA-damaging compounds, they were looking for the biosynthetic genes. That tells you about the genetic potential, but it doesn’t tell you that DNA damage has actually occurred,” Balskus said. “And we know from other areas of toxicology that if you have good biomarkers for predicting carcinogenesis, that can be powerful when thinking about assessing cancer risks.“It’s still very early,” she continued, “but that is one area where our work could potentially lead. It’s still too early to know if colibactin plays a causal role in tumor development in humans, but we would like to have better ways of monitoring colon cancer susceptibility.”This research was supported with funding from the Packard Fellowship for Science and Engineering, the Damon Runyon-Rachleff Innovation Award, the National Institutes of Health, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the Center for Environmental Health Sciences, and the U.S. National Institutes of Health and National Cancer Institute. Study unravels how microbes produce key compound used to fight cancer Microbial manufacturingcenter_img Relatedlast_img read more

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SMC TOMS club hosts first annual TOMS Day Out

first_imgOutgoing Saint Mary’s TOMS club president Nora Clougherty will run the first annual TOMS Day Out on Saint Mary’s campus this Thursday.The TOMS company, through its “One for One” business model, helps to give a new pair of shoes to the poor in third world countries every time a pair of its shoes is purchased. When TOMS eyewear is purchased, part of the profit goes to help restore sight to those who are poor. TOMS tote bags are a new addition to the “One for One” organization. Every time one is sold, a new bag, along with a safe home birth kit, is given to a pregnant mother in need of one.TOMS Day Out is an event that invites everybody on campus to wear their TOMS apparel if they have any. Clougherty said her goal for this event is to help people see the impact they have made by purchasing TOMS merchandise.“I hope to make people understand that something as simple as purchasing shoes can impact the world,” dhe said. “You’re able to see that not only is it someone with a pair of shoes walking by, it’s another kid with a pair of shoes walking by.”Clougherty started the Saint Mary’s TOMS club last year in hopes of bringing her passion to life on campus.“I was just messing around their website one day, and I noticed a tab that said campus involvement,” she said. “When I clicked on it, I noticed there was no Notre Dame [chapter] or saint Mary’s,” Clougherty said. “I just really wanted to take something that I loved so much and bring it to Saint Mary’s.”Ever since, Clougherty has been devoted to getting more people aware of and involved with the TOMS mission. After she graduates, Clougherty will pass on presidency of the club to sophomore Emerald Blankenship.“Emerald is clearly passionate about TOMS, and she’s been extremely helpful with many of the TOMS events that we have had this year,” Clougherty said. “She’s just as passionate, if not more passionate than I am about TOMS.”Clougherty recalls the Skype session that the club had with TOMS founder and CEO Blake Mycoskie.“That was the most inspiring event for me ever,” she said. “It still baffles me that we were the ones chosen.”Clougherty said she hopes the club will expand beyond Saint Mary’s.“I hope it grows into a bigger club here at Saint Mary’s. I hope that eventually everyone on campus is wearing them on TOMS Day Out in the future,” Clougherty said. “I hope too that it grows into Notre Dame.”Freshman club member Liana O’Grady said TOMS is great way to implement change because people can see the change they make everywhere they go.“TOMS is such a big organization,” O’Grady said. “It’s nice to see that it can have such a huge effect on our small Saint Mary’s campus.”O’Grady recalled the effect of giving simple T-shirts to children on a mission trip that she has recently taken to Uganda.“I can imagine the same look on the faces of the kids who receive a pair of shoes from TOMS,” O’Grady said. “It’ll be great to see the number of shoes that have been donated just by girls on our campus during TOMS Day Out.”Senior club member Claire Boyd said the club overall has made a positive impact in her time at Saint Mary’s.“It helped to open my eyes to different world issues going on today,” Boyd said. “It has made me more aware of … business companies that have a give-back model such as TOMS. I hope other companies can use the same give-back model that TOMS has.”Tags: saint mary’s, TOMS, TOMS Day Outlast_img read more

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No More Mr. Nice Guy, ‘Homeland’ Makes a Man Out of Agent Quinn in the Nick of Time

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York It’s fair to say that I spoke too soon. Jumped the gun. A case of premature articulation, if you will.Several weeks ago, at the halfway mark of the fourth season of Homeland, I derided the writers for suddenly portraying the character Peter Quinn as a sniveling pussy. My issue wasn’t the pussification in and of itself, but the idea that it was inconsistent with the character they had audiences invested with for the entirety of last season.Peter Quinn, played by British actor Rupert Friend, had been presented to us as a ruthless CIA assassin, formerly a lethal part of the Black Ops team lead by the truly spooky Dar Adal (played by F. Murray Abraham). A sharpshooter with a heart of lead, Quinn seemed impervious to the wishy-washy emotional pitfalls of his compatriots. In striking contrast to the tempestuous love affair of his CIA colleagues, Carrie Mathison (Claire Danes) and Nicholas Brody (Damian Lewis), which took up most of seasons 2 and 3, Quinn was stoic in his all-business demeanor. And his business, of course, was killing bad guys in the name of national security.This is not to say that his character was one-dimensional. Quinn was painted with nuances that deepened, especially when an assignment went awry and Quinn was responsible for shooting a young boy while the agent was gunning for someone else. He also displayed terrific moral complexity when he defied his boss, then CIA Director David Estes, who ordered him to kill Nicholas Brody, the captive American soldier turned terrorist. After witnessing the intimacy between Carrie and Brody at their cabin in season two from his hidden perch in the woods, Quinn decided that not only would he refuse to assassinate Brody, but that he would kill Estes should Brody be killed.Quinn: “Nothing happens to Brody.”Estes: “Or?”Quinn: “Or you’ll find me back in this bedroom one night. Right back in that chair…’cause I’m the guy that kills bad guys.”It could be argued that Quinn was so in love with Carrie Mathison that he protected Brody to preserve her happiness. This is what I believe. So what I found hard to swallow was that this same character, who had been so emotionally tormented by PTSD (mostly from the accidental killing of the young boy) that he was on the cusp of leaving the CIA, would follow his feelings for Carrie all the way back to Pakistan simply because she asked him to.“You know I can’t say no to you, Carrie,” he sighs.Really? The licensed killer who once threatened the head of the CIA is a lovelorn puppy dog, powerless to resist this blonde train wreck?Well, yes. But here’s where I was wrong: he is not just a lovelorn puppy dog. He is also the biggest badass in the CIA. Although his love for Carrie might have been the impetus to get him back into the field, he is not held back by these feelings to sharpen his razor-sharp edges. He’s back, and the stakes are bigger than Carrie.And that’s how his character is redeemed this season.With Peter Quinn, as well as with Carrie Mathison, romantic entanglements take a backseat to the big picture, which is always about saving the part of the world they feel literally responsible for. With last night’s episode, “13 Hours of Islamabad,” the United States embassy has been attacked from within, suffering 37 casualties, including the heartbreaking scene where the beautiful Fara (Nazanin Boniadi) is brutally murdered by the Talibani terrorist head Hassan Haqqani. Saul Berenson (Mandy Patinkin) is physically bloodied, bruised, and badly shaken by his turn as prisoner, but the deeper wounds are both psychological and emotional: he believes that all of his years of good work and progress have been reduced to colossal failure.Carrie, on the other end of the emotional spectrum from where she started the season, is resigned to give up the post in Islamabad that went so terribly wrong, and return to the United States under orders of POTUS. She commands Quinn to pack up. They leave at oh-six-hundred.But here is where Quinn breaks from his deference to Carrie. Although there’s little doubt that his motivation stems at least in part from his desire to avenge her, Quinn secretly leaves the embassy to track down the terrorists responsible for the attack. His explicit instruction to his comrade: “This doesn’t get back to Carrie.” The last we see of Quinn, he is binding the hands of a Taliban terrorist with a zip tie, those convenient torture devices at his disposal.In the episode’s last scene, Carrie refuses to leave Pakistan without Quinn. Is it out of a desire to protect him? Is it because she knows their work is unfinished?Or have the tables turned a bit, and the chas-ee is now the chaser?We have two more episodes to find out. But I can say now with full confidence, that neither of these characters can be described as pussies.last_img read more

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No work, new debt: Virus creates perfect storm for slavery in India

first_imgIndia identified at least 135,000 bonded workers in its 2011 census, while the Australian charity Walk Free Foundation put the number at eight million in its 2018 Global Slavery Index.”The only capital they [internal migrant workers] have is their labor and the only people they know how to negotiate their livelihood with is the middleman,” said Rudra Pattanaik, chairperson for the migrant laborer welfare charity PARDA.”Cash flow in a migrant worker’s home rotates around loans and working to repay them and that process has been completely derailed,” he added. “The money lenders and middlemen are definitely going to recover the money, by hook or by crook.””It is a very risky time … this crisis will only deepen.”Fears of violence In a survey of about 3,200 informal workers who were walking home last week from cities to their villages, nearly a third had loans to repay – mainly to money lenders from their communities.Almost half of those who were in debt said they feared their inability to service the loans could see them subjected to some form of violence, according to the survey by charity Jan Sahas.In Odisha, charities are using short videos inspired by the animated film “Madagascar” to inform villagers about coronavirus and warn them against taking out loans from local money lenders at high interest rates – a practice known to fuel slave labor.The Indian government says at least 300,000 people have been pulled out of slavery since 1976, and it has committed to rescue and rehabilitate more than 10 million bonded laborers by 2030.Yet such efforts could be set back as people turn to the most convenient source of cash – lenders their families have known for generations – despite aid promised by the government for the country’s poorest, according to labor rights activists.”Money lenders may increase interest rates … distress migration will increase,” said Binoy Peter, executive director of Centre for Migration and Inclusive Development, a non-profit.”It is going to be a catastrophe.”A labor ministry official, who declined to be identified as he was not authorized to speak to the media, said government guidelines for employers to not deduct wages or terminate employment should prevent workers needing to take out loans.The official did not comment on those who had already taken out loans, and said there were no government directives to examine the issue of debt bondage during or after the lockdown.India – which has at least 9,000 confirmed cases of the virus and more than 300 deaths – has pledged $23 billion to provide food and cash to millions of its poorest citizens, along with $4 billion from a welfare fund for construction workers.Exploitation rising For Odisha-based labor agent Nijam Khan and his business partner K Shivaiah Gowda, who runs a brick kiln in Telangana, the lockdown has caused consternation over the safety of their workers at the kiln, as well as the immediate financial blow.”Business losses are huge and the impact will be felt in every migrant’s home,” said Khan, explaining how some workers had been given advances of up to 40,000 rupees upon joining.”There are already talks between manufacturers on a no-advance policy for next season, which means there will be no easy cash available to workers for weddings, funerals or health emergencies.”Anti-trafficking activists are also concerned that workers who were stuck on site at brick kilns and rice mills when the lockdown was announced will have been overworked and exploited.”Owners of these facilities have pushed up deadlines for work to be completed, knowing that the workers will … [go] home once the lockdown is opened,” said Jaba Prince, a social worker for International Justice Mission in southern Tamil Nadu.”The exploitation is rising and will only worsen,” he added.While the prospect of getting government aid is uncertain for many informal workers, and life post-lockdown hard to predict – Das is sure of one thing when looking to the future.”The relationship between laborer and lender is timeless,” Das said, referring to his son working for the local loan shark.”It stretches for many lives.”  “My son works on the money lender’s farmland now. He gives him food, but no wages,” the 55-year-old told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone from central Madhya Pradesh state.”We have to repay a loan and will do whatever work he gives us,” added Das, who has yet to even clear the loan’s interest.A coronavirus lockdown – due to end on Tuesday but set to be extended – has left hundreds of millions of informal workers without cash or food, and fearful that lacking paperwork or a bank account will hinder their access to government assistanceMany families will instead resort to taking out loans at high interest rates in order to survive, while others will fall deeper into debt and end up trapped in bonded labor – India’s most prevalent form of modern slavery – according to activists. When the coronavirus outbreak brought India to a halt last month, Bhagwan Das lost his only income as a construction worker in Delhi and embarked on a three-day trek back to his village.Then the loan shark came knocking.Unable to maintain repayments on the 60,000 rupee ($787) loan he took out in 2017 for his daughter’s wedding, Das had no choice but to offer his son’s labor to service the rising debt.center_img Topics :last_img read more

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LETTERS

first_imgLRV designsSir – Having read your latest issue regarding light rail transit activity on the West Coast of North America, I found that William D Middleton gave an excellent overview of the present situation.Unfortunately, however, he seems somewhat less well informed about available light rail vehicles for the proposed systems. His inference that an LRV, such as the ’high speed’ Portland car, would be the preferred choice should be re-examined as a speed of 90 km/h can hardly be described as high. This vehicle was designed to comply with the arbitrary ’2g’ buffing load requirement and run in consist with an existing high-floor car with the same buffing strength. The resultant vehicle is nearly 14 tonnes heavier than what is really necessary for a new light rail system which is not constrained to meet this requirement. Crash management techniques, which are well known in Europe, are producing much more efficient and safer designs for passengers.There are several excellent 70% low-floor designs available off-the-shelf in Europe, all of which are around 36 tonnes at the AW0 stage (vehicle ready for operation but no passenger loading). These designs are very pleasing from an aesthetic standpoint, both inside and out, much more so than the Portland or Hudson – Bergen LRVs. In addition, as a result of the lighter weight, the propulsion efficiency is much better. The electrical energy cost saving over a ’2g’ low-floor LRV of the type suggested would be very substantial over the life of the car – one transit authority spent over $20m on power alone last year. In the age of global warming, this aspect of transit operation must be considered, especially when it is the taxpayer who will be footing the bill.N C Halden CEng, MIMechE, PEng(CAN)PrincetonNew JerseyUSADon’t bank on itSir – Unfortunately, the required disclaimer to my recent article on infrastructure separation in Rail Business Report 1998 was inadvertently left off the published version.For the record, the article should have included the following statement:’This article represents the views of the authors and not those of the World Bank, its affiliated organisations, or members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent.’The article in no way necessarily reflects the views of anyone other than the authors: any inference to the contrary would be unwarranted.Louis S ThompsonRailways AdviserThe World BankWashington DC, USAlast_img read more

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