Before “Iron Chef,” before Rachael Ray, before Emeril Lagasse, there was Julia Child.A 6-foot-2 culinary force of nature, Child used her passion for food, her wit, and her down-to-earth charm to demystify French cuisine for the American masses. Both “Mastering the Art of French Cooking,” which she co-wrote, and her TV series, “The French Chef,” were groundbreaking.Child, who died in 2004, would have celebrated her 100th birthday on Aug. 15. Her memory lives on — vividly — at Harvard.Child’s path from ad executive to one of the world’s most famous chefs is captured in the correspondence, documents, books, photos, audio, and videotapes that make up the bulk of the Julia Child Papers at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study’s Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America. Her papers began to arrive at Radcliffe in 1976 in part because of her intense correspondence with Avis DeVoto, wife of the Harvard lecturer, historian, and author Bernard DeVoto. Also among the library’s holdings are the papers of some of Child’s friends and colleagues, including those of Avis DeVoto and longtime collaborator Simone Beck.“Having the papers of Julia Child in a collection that focuses on the history of women, on the history of domestic arts, and on the history of cooking is really like having the Holy Grail,” said the Schlesinger’s curator of books and printed materials, Marylène Altieri, who helped curate an upcoming exhibit at the library that will feature items from the collection. “I can’t think of a single other person who had the impact that she had on the world of food in the United States in the 20th century.”“Having the papers of Julia Child in a collection that focuses on the history of women, on the history of domestic arts, and on the history of cooking is really like having the Holy Grail,” said Marylène Altieri, the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library’s curator of books and printed materials. Photo by Stephanie Mitchell/Harvard Staff PhotographerChild’s love affair with food began in post-World War II France with a life-changing dish of sole meunière. “It was the most exciting meal of my life,” she wrote for her memoir, “My Life in France,” which was published in 2006. Living in Paris with her husband, Paul, who was the exhibits officer for the United States Information Service (the pair met when they were both stationed in Ceylon with the Office of Strategic Services in 1944), she promptly enrolled at the famed cooking school Le Cordon Bleu. Letters in the Schlesinger collection describe some of her early forays in its kitchen, including her failure on the school’s final exam (she ultimately passed, graduating in 1951) and her efforts to relate to the school’s prickly proprietress, Madame Elisabeth Brassart. “Funny how there are some people to whom it is so difficult to talk,” she wrote in a letter to her family dated April 7, 1951. “Mme. Brassart’s mind and mine just run in entirely different directions.”Altieri credits those rich correspondences — the Childs wrote letters almost daily to family and friends while living both abroad and in the United States — with bringing the collection to life. ‘The amount of detail we have,” she said, “is astounding.”With iron determination, Child flourished in Paris, as countless items in the collection vividly demonstrate. An image from 1956 shows her working in the kitchen next to the French culinary master and Le Cordon Bleu instructor Max Bugnard. There is also a red, white, and blue badge from the informal cooking school Child started in a Paris kitchen with Simone Beck and Louise Bertholle — the Ecole Des 3 Gourmandes. The three would go on to collaborate on “Mastering the Art of French Cooking,” the first volume of which was published in 1961. Child never forgot her roots. In many of the collection’s photos she is proudly wearing the same badge while filming her famous cooking show.A few items in the collection offer a glimpse into Child’s work in what she called the “heart of the home” — the kitchen at the Irving Street house, not far from Harvard Yard, where she and Paul lived for more than four decades after returning from Europe. (When Child moved, in 2001, she donated the kitchen to the Smithsonian Institution.) Among them: a wire whisk; a copper pot from E. Dehilleren, the cooking equipment store she discovered in Paris and described in her letters. An image of Julia and Paul seated at their kitchen table reveals an intricate pegboard he designed that included a hook and careful outline for each of her pots.Ten years her senior, Paul retired just as Julia’s career blossomed and lovingly became “the amanuensis,” said Altieri, “that she could never have hired or paid for.”Paul helped his wife at every turn. His handwritten note to “Jooolie” dated 1963 includes his suggestions for naming the new show. “Cuisine Secrets,” “The Chef at Home,” and “Kitchen à la Française” are just a few of his recommendations scrawled in blue ink at the bottom of a page yellowed with time. The title had to be short enough to “fit on a single line in TV Guide,” said Altieri.In a 1963 letter, Paul wrote to his brother, “Julie has now worked out a scheduled program for herself based on the rigid necessities of television. It has to include practice sessions at home with either Ruth Lockwood [production assistant for ‘The French Chef’] or me, holding the stop-watch.” That watch is part of the collection, as is a rough sketch done by Paul that sets up a “French Chef” episode on omelets. The lined page documents the layout for the studio kitchen and includes the smallest of details — where to place the butter, salt, pepper.Her husband’s help and involvement were invaluable to Child. “It meant everything to her that he was there for her all the time,” said Altieri, “and so interested in what she was doing.”The Schlesinger collection preserves Julia Child’s research materials and meticulous methods. “The first thing that really got her going was the realization that American flour was radically different from French flour,” said Marylène Altieri, who helped curate the exhibit. Photo by Stephanie Mitchell/Harvard Staff PhotographerThe collection also preserves Child’s research materials and meticulous methods. It includes her vast library of old and new cookbooks — from the 1712 edition of “Le Vray Cuisinier François,” by legendary chef Pierre de la Varenne, to the iconic “The Joy of Cooking” — and documents in painstaking detail the development of “Mastering the Art of French Cooking.” Marked-up drafts of the book, which was almost 10 years in the making, show Child and her collaborators obsessed over getting it right. A sample of an introduction to the eggs chapter has been crossed out under a stern instruction: “Dull, rewrite.” On a flyleaf in her first edition she noted pages needing corrections. Also in the collection: copious notes on Child’s exploration into the science of cooking.“The first thing that really got her going was the realization that American flour was radically different from French flour,” said Altieri. During her time in France, Child had flour shipped from different U.S. manufacturers and experimented with the varieties in her recipes. A paper from her records on all-purpose flour includes the directives “scoop, do not shake, level off.”The library will mount an exhibit this fall that highlights Cambridge and other places central to Child’s life. It is also planning a corresponding one-day symposium at Radcliffe for Sept. 21.Altieri took the job at the Schlesinger three days before Child passed away. She missed the chance to meet the iconic chef in person, but her close work with the collection, she said, has given her the next best thing.“There’s much of her voice in them,” Altieri said of the letters. “Now I really do feel almost as if I had met her.”
More than 25 percent of Georgia-grown agricultural crops are exported to other countries and that percent is growing.According to the Georgia Department of Economic Development, the value of Georgia goods exported last year reached $37.6 billion. This marked the fourth straight year Georgia has achieved record numbers.Those interested in learning more about the export market can attend the Georgia Exports Conference set for Oct. 8 from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the University of Georgia Tifton Campus Conference Center.“The conference will provide a one-shop stop to learn about export basics,” said Kent Wolfe, director of the UGA Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development. The center, along with the Georgia Department of Economic Development and the Small Business Development Center will host the free symposium designed for agribusiness companies in sectors such as machinery, commodities and value-added foods.Attendees will hear from national industry experts on topics ranging from how to start or expand export programs and how to finance and protect international transactions to how to receive 50 percent reimbursement on international marketing expenses. They will also learn about the Market Access Program initiative and which international markets are right for specific products. “The conference will feature all the critical components of exporting: how to get paid, how to identify export markets, how to work with a freight forwarder, etc.,” Wolfe said.Georgia exports about 28 percent of its food and fiber production, and as the global marketplace continues to grow, so does the state’s export potential. “There will be trade representatives (at the conference) looking for Georgia food products,” Wolfe said.Representatives will be on hand from the Georgia Department of Economic Development, Southern U.S. Trade Association, U.S. Export Assistance Center, Export Import Bank, Small Business Development Center-International Trade Center and Small Business Administration.For more information, contact Holly Skorich, international trade manager with the Georgia Department of Economic Development, at (404) 962-4841 or [email protected] (Jordan Hill is an intern with the UGA Tifton Campus.)
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享PV Magazine:The transformation of Greek renewable energy laggard the Public Power Corporation (PPC) has continued with news the utility’s PPC Renewables arm has won tenders to develop the nation’s largest solar cluster and is planning Greece’s first unsubsidized PV project.The renewables division of the state-owned power company is planning a subsidy-free 50 MW solar plant in the Megalopoli coal mining region of the Peloponnese peninsula.“The idea is PPC Renewables’ subsidy-free plant [will] generate electricity that would sell [to] the parent company, the PPC,” said Konstantinos Mavros, who was appointed chief executive of PPC Renewables in September.The electric utility, Greece’s largest corporation, accounts for around 70% of the domestic electricity retail market but holds a much smaller chunk of the power generation mix. Until recently, the debt-saddled company followed a fossil fuel-driven business plan but a change at the top has seen the utility pivot towards clean energy with the aim of PPC Renewables developing sufficient facilities for the business to hold more generation assets.Mavros said the purchase tariff the PPC will pay its renewables subsidiary for the power generated at Megalopoli was still under negotiation but told pv magazine: “The subsidy-free plant in Megalopoli will serve to prove our concept. Once this is proven, PPC Renewables can take the lead and transform the company, the energy market and our economy.”Parent company PPC plans to install 3 GW of solar capacity on former coal mines, with the nation pledged to end coal use by 2028 at the latest. Some 2 GW of solar projects, including the latest 200 MW facility, are planned in Ptolemaida, in the Kozani region of northern Greece, with a further gigawatt earmarked for the Peloponnese.[Ilias Tsagas]More: Greek utility eyes nation’s first subsidy-free PV project Greek utility unit moves forward with country’s first subsidy-free solar development
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享ET Energy.world.com:The share of coal in the world energy mix fell to its lowest level in 16 years dropping to 27 per cent in 2019, according to the latest edition of BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2020.“World coal consumption fell by 0.6 per cent, its fourth decline in six years, displaced by natural gas and renewables. As a result, coal’s share in the energy mix fell to 27 per cent, its lowest level in 16 years,” the report, released today, said.According to the report, coal consumption continued to increase in some emerging economies, particularly in China, Indonesia and Vietnam. Growth in India, usually a key driver of coal consumption was only 0.3 per cent, the lowest since 2001, it said.However, this increase in coal consumption came amid fall in demand in the developed world, led by the US and Germany. Global coal production rose by 1.5 per cent, with China and Indonesia providing the only significant increases, the report said.Apart from this, global electricity generation also witnessed the slowest growth in the past 10 years in 2019 by registering a growth of mere 1.3 per cent.More: Share of coal in global energy mix touches lowest level in 16 years, drops to 27 percent BP statistical review shows coal’s 2019 share of global energy mix at lowest level in 16 years
The looming introduction of a funding reserve will pose a considerable challenge for Irish pension funds and could lower benefits, according to LCP.Analysing the deficits of 26 of Ireland’s largest employers, the consultancy said the combined shortfall had risen by more than half to €5.8bn by the end of 2014.It also warned that funding levels had fallen despite combined contributions of nearly €1.3bn over the course of last year, pointing to the continued decline of the benchmark 10-year German Bund as a reason for the worsening situation.Conor Daly, a partner at LCP’s Dublin office, said the results of the consultancy’s 2015 ‘Accounting for Pensions’ report showed sponsors were under “considerable pressure” when trying to maintain their defined benefit (DB) arrangements. He added that the pending introduction of the risk reserve, a buffer equating to 10% of scheme liabilities that can be offset by investments in either cash or certain fixed income holdings, would come at a time when companies could “least afford it”.Daly said the risk reserve was likely to see a “welcome” reduction in the level of risky assets held by the Irish DB sector.According to the report, 45% of the sample scheme’s assets remained invested in equities, down from 49%.Drawing on data collated by the Pensions Authority for a 2014 review, LCP said only one-third of the 50 largest Irish schemes had sufficient assets to meet the statutory funding standard.“This suggests,” the report says, “the introduction of this new requirement may pose considerable additional challenges for trustees and sponsors in the coming years and may inevitably lead to pressure for further benefit curtailments.”The Pensions Authority’s Brendan Kennedy has repeatedly spoken of his frustration over Irish schemes’ unwillingness to de-risk, and LCP’s report still found some DB schemes holding up to 70% of assets in equities.The report said the scheme for building materials group Grafton had the highest overall exposure to equities, at 70%, followed by Kerry Group at 63%.Other DB funds significantly de-risked over the course of the year, such as Ornua.The company, formerly the Irish Dairy Board, reduced its equity holdings from 83% to 56%, and also saw its funding decrease by 10 percentage points to 72%.,WebsitesWe are not responsible for the content of external sitesLink to report by LCP Ireland
It is difficult to appreciate in today’s world the complete lack of local political accountability that led to rampant corruption, populism, economic mismanagement and human rights abuses. Conditions were so bad it took emerging market countries the better part of the 1990s to adjust before they finally overcame the hangovers from the Cold War. Only by the 2000s were emerging market countries able to begin to realise their growth potential. The only reason for investing in the Third World was to gain exposure to commodities, which, as Dehn argues, is the reason for the now outdated perception that emerging market investing is a ‘commodity play’.The concept of emerging markets reflects the new reality of countries where, as economists like Dehn argue, the natural forces of economic convergence cause them to outgrow developed economies. This does, in a sense, decouple them from developed markets. This is despite the fact – as the high volatility seen in emerging countries’ stock markets show – they are not decoupled from the problems that originate in the developed markets.What is driving this phenomenon is not their exports to the developed countries but the rise of domestic consumers through the creation of increasingly affluent middle classes in countries across the globe. The wealth creation now lifting billions of people out of abject poverty is a direct consequence of the adoption of liberal economic policies predicated on free trade in a global economy.Globalisation has always existed, but, in the past, it was confined to the elite and perhaps in a different way, to the have-nots. In the Middle Ages, it was silk from China to Venice for the elite. More recently, at the other end of the social spectrum, it was Indian labourers sent to South Africa, and Chinese labourers sent to the US, to build railways.Making globalisation have a profound effect on the day-to-day existence of the middle-income population across the globe has permanently altered the dynamics of international trade. The US has imposed its structure on the global economy and catalysed a global trading system. The WTO is the medium through which this has happened, and the impact of WTO, and GATT preceding it, is still unfolding. Governments may be given grace periods for opening up certain sectors – generic pharmaceuticals in India, for example, or financials in China – and a foreign company may still need local joint venture partners in certain sectors, but liberalisation has become structural. Furthermore, accession to the WTO requires countries to liberalise sectors of their economies systematically. While this may take decades to play out, the trend is unmistakeable. There will be sustained growth over the next 20-30 years, and, ultimately, those impediments will disappear.What characterises successful emerging markets is the rise of increasingly affluent middle classes. The rise of middle classes with enough disposable income to fuel domestic growth is essentially an urban phenomenon. Urbanisation is occurring at a rapid rate, with forecasts of 130m-200m Chinese moving from rural to urban areas over the next decade. Experience suggests governments create the right conditions for high domestic consumption through three key areas: establishing a safety net for old age, developing the use of credit and developing a retail infrastructure. These fundamental themes are driving the sometimes incredible performance of emerging markets and being played out over a timescale of decades rather than years. And they will continue for decades to come.Countries are being mandated to open up markets. The impact of the rules-based system that has been created means a nation state cannot afford to de-link itself from the world community because it then ends up being a North Korea. Myanmar (formerly Burma) has only recently realised the advantages of following this path as it moves away from its previous pariah status to joining in global trade. Despite the concerns we are seeing over emerging markets today, they cannot and should not be ignored in long-term institutional portfolios.Joseph Mariathasan is a contributing editor at IPE Long-term investors cannot ignore the emerging markets despite their near-term problems, writes Joseph MariathasanAshmore’s Jan Dehn, in a recent note, highlights the extraordinarily important question for emerging market countries – is the Cold War returning? His conclusion, thankfully, is that it isn’t. But the issues he raises are important for any investors in this area.As Dehn points out, the original Cold War, which lasted from the end of World War II to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989, was an unmitigated disaster for emerging markets. Indeed, for most of that period, they were referred to as the Third World, separate from the Western and Communist spheres of influence and characterised by abject poverty. As the US and USSR sought to bolster allies across the globe, there were numerous ‘hot wars’ taking place – Korea, Vietnam, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. But the more insidious evil that affected even more countries was, as Dehn points out, the Superpowers’ installing unaccountable dictators in countries right across the emerging markets.
Manchester City are confident Sergio Aguero will not depart the club this summer. The 31-year-old is out of contract at the end of next season and has long stated his plans to finish his career at Argentine club Independiente. Aguero has been challenged for playing time by Gabriel Jesus this term. And City’s two-year ban from European competition has also been a cause for concern.Advertisement Read Also:Man City ready to let Aguero go this summer But the Evening Standard claims the Sky Blues believe Aguero will see out the remainder of his contract with the club. Read Also:Man City ready to let Aguero go this summer Aguero was reportedly unperturbed after being dropped for the win over Real Madrid last month, boosting the club’s confidence in his commitment. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Loading… Promoted ContentThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read More10 Risky Jobs Some Women Do2020 Tattoo Trends: Here’s What You’ll See This YearTop 10 Enemies Turned Friends In TV7 Mind-Boggling Facts About Black HolesThe 10 Best Secondary Education Systems In The WorldThe Best Cars Of All TimeHere Are The Top 10 Tiniest Mobile Phones On The Planet!Best & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever Made13 kids at weddings who just don’t give a hootPlaying Games For Hours Can Do This To Your BodyFantastic-Looking (and Probably Delicious) Bread Art
RelatedPosts COVID-19: NCAA to revoke erring airlines licence over non-compliance FRSC to Schools: We’ll arrest, prosecute drivers who flout COVID-19 rules Sanwo-Olu: We’re committed to fulfilling promises to Lagosians Odion Ighalo has declared his readiness for the English Premier League restart after several weeks of suspension over COVID-19 pandemic.The Premier League will resume on June 17 with Manchester United billed to take on Tottenham Hotspurs on June 19 at the Tottenham Hotspur Stadium. Ighalo said the Red Devils are are close to full match fitness and committed to finish on high.The retired Super Eagles forward, who recently extended his loan spell with the club, scored twice in the 11 aside friendly game that ended 4-4 on Tuesday.Speaking ahead of the Premier league restart, Ighalo said he wants to continue working hard to help the team go higher.“I just want to work hard and enjoy it, support the team, and do whatever I can to make us go higher and higher,” he told the club website.“I’m getting better and better every day. “We have been training together the past two weeks now, so it’s getting close to the game.“The sharpness is coming, the fitness is coming and everything is going well.“I can’t wait for the league to start again.“I’m really looking forward to it.“We’re working hard and I believe we’re going to do great.” Ighalo, who scored four times in eight games for United before football and other sports were suspended across the globe over COVID-19 pandemic, is expected to be named in Manchester United’s squad that would clash with Jose Mourinho’s side when action returns in the Premier League next week.Tags: COVID-19Odion IghaloPremier LeagueTottenham HotspurTottenham Hotspur Stadium
Facebook Twitter Google+ Syracuse redshirt junior Nicky Galasso said on Tuesday he “should be good to go” for the Orange’s game against Maryland on Saturday at 1 p.m. in the Carrier Dome.“We hope so,” SU head coach John Desko said. “He’s getting better every day. I’m sure it’ll be close.”Galasso missed No. 2 SU’s first two games with an upper-body injury and was sidelined for all of last year with a foot injury. He added that he expects to mostly play at midfield for Syracuse this season.The No. 1 recruit in the Class of 2010 coming out of West Islip (N.Y.) High School, Galasso went to North Carolina for his first two seasons — his sophomore year was plagued with an injury to his other foot.He transferred to Syracuse before the start of last year but has yet to take the field in an Orange uniform.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text“It’s been a while since I’ve stepped on that field,” he said. “I’m very anxious to get out there and I hope I can against Maryland.” Comments Published on February 18, 2014 at 4:32 pm Contact Phil: [email protected] | @PhilDAbb
He’s 17-under par, a shot ahead of Sweden’s Pelle Edberg. Best of the Irish in Prague is Michael Hoey on 8-under.